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The Canadian Lynx


The lynx represents another of the Cat tribe, and as its name implies

is a native of the regions north of the United States, although

sometimes found in upper Maine and on the lower borders of the

great lakes. It is commonly known throughout Canada as the Peshoo,

or Le Chat.

Our illustration is a truthful representation of the animal. Its

total length exceeds three feet, and its tail is a mere stub. The
fur is thick, and the hairs are long, the general color being grey,

sprinkled with black. The legs are generally darker than the body,

and the ears are often edged with white. The limbs and muscles

are very powerful, the paws are very large for the size of the

animal, and are furnished with strong white claws, which are imbedded

in the fur of the feet when not in use, they are shown in our

illustration. The ears of the lynx form a distinct feature, by

which the animal could be easily identified; they are long and

tipped with stiff projecting hairs, giving the creature a very odd


The peshoo can not be said to be a very dangerous animal, unless

it is attacked, when it becomes a most ferocious antagonist. The

writer knew of a gentleman who was pounced upon and very nearly

killed by one of these infuriated creatures, and there are many

like instances on record.

The principal food of the lynx consists of the smaller quadrupeds,

the American hare being its favorite article of diet. It is a good

swimmer, and a most agile climber, chasing its prey among the branches

with great stealth and dexterity. Like the wolf, fox, and many

other flesh eating-animals, the lynx does not content itself with

the creatures which fall by the stroke of its own talons, or the

grip of its own teeth, but will follow the trail of the puma, in

its nocturnal quest after prey, and thankfully partake of the feast

which remains after its predecessor has satisfied its appetite.

While running at full speed, the lynx presents a most ludicrous

appearance, owing to its peculiar manner of leaping. It progresses

in successive bounds, with its back slightly arched, and all the

feet striking the ground nearly at the same instant. Powerful as

the animal is, it is easily killed by a blow on the

back, a slight stick being a sufficient weapon wherewith to destroy

the creature. For this reason the Dead-fall is particularly adapted

for its capture, and is very successful, as the animal possesses

very little cunning, and will enter an enclosure of any kind without

the slightest compunction, when a tempting bait is in view. The

dead-fall should of course be constructed on a large scale, and

it is a good plan to have the enclosure deep, and the bait as far

back as will necessitate the animal being well under the suspended

log in order to reach it. The bait may consist of a dead quadruped

or of fresh meat of any kind.

The Gun trap, page 20, and the Bow trap, page 23, will also be

found efficient, and a very powerful twitch-up, constructed from a

stout pole and extra strong wire will also serve to good purpose.

The lynx is not so prolific as many of the feline tribe, the number

of its young seldom exceeding two, and this only once a year. The

fur of the animal is valuable for the purposes to which the feline

skin is generally adapted, and commands a fair price in the market.

Those who hunt or trap the lynx will do well to choose the winter

months for the time of their operations, as during the cold season

the animal possesses a thicker and warmer fur than it offers in

the summer months.

When the steel trap is used, it should be of size No. 4, page

141, set at the opening of a pen of stakes, the bait being placed

at the back of the enclosure in such a position, as that the animal

will be obliged to step upon the pan of the trap in order to reach

it. Any of the devices described under Hints on Baiting will

be found successful.

The skin of the animal may be removed as directed in the case of

the fox, being drawn off the body whole, or it may be removed after

the manner of the beaver, and similarly stretched.