The spruce, red, black, and white, differs in many respects from the

balsam-fir: the needles are sharp-pointed, not blunt, and instead of

being flat like the balsam-fir, they are four-sided and cover the

branchlet on all sides, causing it to appear rounded or bushy and not

flat. The spruce-gum sought by many is found in the seams of the bark,

which, unlike the smooth balsam-fir, is scaly and of a brown color.

Early spring is the time to look for spruce-gum. Spruce is a soft wood,

splits readily and is good for the frames and ribs of boats, also for

paddles and oars, and the bark makes a covering for temporary shelters.