Fainting occurs most often in overheated and over-crowded places where

the air is impure. The proper treatment is to lay the patient flat on

her back with the head lower than the rest of the body and feet raised;

then loosen the clothes at waist and neck, sprinkle the face and neck

with cold water, and hold smelling salts or ammonia to the nostrils.

Insist upon giving her all the fresh air possible. It is good also to

rub the limbs with the motion upward toward the body.